Permanent teeth are supposed to be just that, permanent. However, most people will need to have at least one tooth pulled out in their lives. Teeth extractions may be required because a tooth is damaged and cannot be recovered or it may be causing damage to the surrounding teeth and removing it is the best course of action. The need for a tooth extraction may be necessary due to trauma, severe decay or crowding as is often the case with wisdom tooth extraction. Crowding is a lack of space for existing teeth that causes swelling and pain and can even push nearby teeth out of alignment.
Wisdom tooth extraction is one of the most common reasons for tooth removal. Wisdom teeth are the least permanent teeth to come in and often lack the space they need to develop fully. That results in them pushing into other teeth, causing pain and damage.
Most common type of pain management during the procedure is local anesthesia, one or more injections near the site of the extraction. Sedation may also be used in combination with local anesthesia when a patient is nervous or the procedure is extensive.
Aftercare following teeth extractions is absolutely necessary to minimize possible complications. Bleeding is to be expected immediately after the procedure and with wisdom tooth extraction may continue for the rest of the day. Gauze needs to be replaced regularly and excessive spitting should be avoided so that the blood clot doesn’t get dislodged from the socket.
Pain from regular tooth extractions can be managed with over the counter pain medication, for wisdom teeth removal, prescription medication may be required. Applying a cold pack near the site reduces pain and swelling and should be used for the first 24 hours then switch to heat for a few days after. The mouth should be kept as clean as possible and strenuous activity should be avoided for a few days following the surgery.
Westerville and Columbus residents are encouraged to contact Dr. Warden at Westerville Smiles with any questions.